Breast Cancer is one of the commonest Cancers among women all over the world. At least in our country, 30 – 40% of breast cancers are identified in the early stages. The treatment of breast Cancer comprises five pillars which include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, hormonal treatment, and targeted treatment based on the patient’s condition, stage of the disease, and biological behaviors of the disease. The surgical modality can range from breast conservation surgery wherever it is feasible based on the patient’s disease status and mastectomy and also various other modalities of treatment. The team is trained in Oncoplastic breast surgeries which are defined as surgery with the removal of tumors with good cosmetic outcomes. A few years before, mastectomy was considered the standard of surgical care for most cancers and now it has revolutionized to oncoplastic breast surgery where the social stigma of mastectomy is eliminated and making patients have good psychological well-being and pursue the occupation without any social stigma.
Also, the more targeted form of radiotherapy and chemotherapy are available making the treatment a daycare treatment with limited admissions and a more acceptable form of the duration of treatment.
The targeted treatments based on molecular biology of cancer have definitely improved the survival in both early stages and metastatic cancer. Also, the screening modality of cancer using digital mammograms has enabled to decrease in the incidence of cancers by identifying many pre-cancerous conditions.